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Volume 50, Issue 4


Inflation and Income Distribution

Bulíř, Aleš; Gulde, Anne-Marie

Year: 2000   Volume: 50   Issue: 4   Pages: 207-223

Abstract: This paper examines the effects of inflation and associated financial instability on income distribution. Using both panel and single-country time-series models, the level of inflation, inflation variability, and the variability of the nominal exchange rate are shown to increase overall income equality. Looking at disaggregate measures of income distribution, the issue as to whether inflation is a progressive or a regressive tax is found to be negatively correlated with the level of development and the sophistication of the financial structure. The paper argues that these results point toward financial variables as a partial way of rectifying the generally poor explanatory power of both cross-country, panel, and time-series models of income distribution.

JEL classification: E25, E31, O15

Keywords: inflation; income distribution; Kuznets hypothesis


RePEc: n/a

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