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Volume 69, Issue 4

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Is Lending by Polish Cooperative Banks Procyclical?

Godlewski, Christophe; Skała, Dorota; Weill, Laurent

Year: 2019   Volume: 69   Issue: 4   Pages: 342-365

Abstract: We investigate the lending cyclicality of Polish cooperative banks. Cooperative banks have an important role in the financing of the local economy and as such their sensitivity of their lending behavior to business cycles can influence the financing of small firms. We use a rich dataset of 367 Polish cooperative banks over the period 2007-2013. We find that cooperative banks have a countercyclical lending behavior on the country level, with loan growth negatively linked to national business cycles. We observe that greater bank size contributes to reduce the countercyclical lending behaviour. The lending behavior of cooperative banks is also sensitive to local economic conditions, with some evidence for procyclicality versus the regional economy. Finally, we point out differences in cyclicality of lending across types of borrowers. These findings support the view that the cooperative banking sector should be preserved to mitigate bank lending procyclicality.

JEL classification: G21, R11

Keywords: cooperative banks, loan growth, cyclicality, local economy, business cycles

RePEc: https://ideas.repec.org/a/fau/fauart/v69y2019i4p342-365.html

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