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Volume 58, Issue 9 -10

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The History of Inflation Targeting in the Czech Republic Through the Lens of a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model

Hurník, Jaromír; Kameník, Ondřej; Vlček, Jan

Year: 2008   Volume: 58   Issue: 9 -10   Pages: 454-469

Abstract: Using a dynamic general equilibrium model calibrated for the Czech Republic, we first estimate the impact of structural shocks on the observed realizations of the interest rate and inflation, while the main focus is put on the estimation of monetary policy shocks. These occur whenever monetary policy is not set in accordance with the observed state of the economy and the inflation target. Our results suggest that monetary policy was more restrictive than implied by the observed state of the economy and the inflation target in three periods: 1998Q2–1999Q1, 2001Q3–2003Q2, and 2004Q3–2005Q4. On the contrary, the period from 2003Q3 to 2004Q2 was characterized by relatively loose monetary policy. Based on the assumption that monetary policy focuses on a different inflation target than the officially announced one, we estimate the implicit trajectory of the inflation target for the Czech Republic. This implied target fluctuates between 2 and 3 percent in 2002–2007.

JEL classification: E31, E43, E52

Keywords: monetary policy shock, dynamic general equilibrium model, Kalman filtration

RePEc: http://ideas.repec.org/a/fau/fauart/v58y2008i9-10p454-469.html

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